The Sermon Notes of Harold Buls

The Sermon Notes of Harold Buls

On the Gospel Lessons of the Ingrian Lutheran Church of Russia

Text from Matthew 22:1-14

Trinity XX

1. The parable at Lk. 14:16-24, though similar to Mt. 22:1-10, is not the same parable as Mt. 22:1-14. The Lukan parable was spoken earlier in Perea in the house of a Pharisee. Mt. 22:1-14 was spoken during holy week (Tuesday). As any good teacher does, Jesus repeated Himself from time to time.

2. At Mt. 21:23 to 22:14 we have a series of three parables. They are a reply to the arrogant questions asked at Mt. 21:23. Christ is warning the Jews that, unless they cease their enmity, judgment will come upon them. Jesus' predictions have come true.

3. Vs. 2 speaks of the Kingdom of heaven. It pictures mankind being invited to hear the Gospel of Jesus Christ Who was sent by the Father to die for their sins.

4. In vss. 3-7 Jesus pictures the Gospel call to the Jews, God's Covenant people since the days of Abraham, 2000 BC. Again and again God sent His prophets and then His Apostles to invite His Covenant people to hear the call of Jesus Christ: "Repent for the Kingdom of heaven is here." The Gospel is pictured as a great marriage feast.

5. Vs. 5 pictures the ridiculous excuses which many people gave. They preferred the things of this world to the call of the Gospel. They had no time to hear Jesus and His messengers.

6. Vs. 6 pictures not only the crucifixion of Jesus but also the persecution of the Prophets and the Apostles. The book of Acts not only tells of the early preaching of Jesus' resurrection but also the persecution of Stephen and the Apostles. All of them died violent deaths, except the Apostle John.

7. Vs. 7 pictures the terrible destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD by the Romans, namely Vespasian, Titus and Domitian. This is described for us by Josephus the Jewish historian. At that time the Jews were scattered over the whole earth. The arch of Titus, erected in memory of this victory of Rome over Jerusalem, can still be seen in Rome.

8. Compare vs. 8 with Acts 13:46: "Then Paul and Barnabas grew bold and said 'It was necessary that the word of God should be spoken to you (Jews) first; but since you reject it, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, behold, we turn to the Gentiles.'"

9. He who rejects the Gospel and mistreats the Lord's messengers makes himself unworthy of everlasting life. But he is not worthy by meritorious works by the grace of God in Christ. The worthy person believes only in the grace of God in the Gospel message.

10. Vss. 9-10 picture the preaching of the Gospel among the Gentiles. At Acts 13:47 Paul and Barnabas quote the prophecy of Is. 49:6 where the preaching of the Word to the Gentiles is foretold. The expression "the good and the bad" in vs. 10 of our text is said from man's point of view. All have sinned and therefore are not approved by God. All are equally sinful. But among people some show this more than others. All are equally invited by the Lord.

11. In ancient times wedding guests were given proper robes to wear at the feast. In the parable this denotes the righteousness of Christ which a believer has by faith in Jesus. See Php. 3:7-11. But we know that there are hypocrites in the church, weeds among the wheat. Vss. 11-12 of our text are a stern warning for us. We must examine ourselves lest we fall short of the glory of God on Judgement Day. Vs. 13 pictures God's rejection of the hypocrite, the impenitent, the person who does not wear the robe of Christ's righteousness.

12. The last vs. reads: "Many are called but few are chosen." The majority of people will be lost. They will go to eternal destruction. Only a few, the penitent, the true believers, will be chosen.

13. The purpose of this text is that all people, both Jews and Gentiles, should examine themselves and say: "Am I truly a Christian?"

The Sermon Outline of Harold Buls

On the Gospel Lessons of the Ingrian Lutheran Church of Russia

Text from Matthew 22:1-14

Trinity XX

THEME: Mankind's Reaction to the Lord's Wedding Invitation


God wants to betroth lost mankind to Himself. That's why He sent His Son. The Gospel is the invitation to this great wedding feast. Since Abraham's time (2000 BC) God has been inviting mankind. But the majority of mankind reject the invitation. Jesus said: "Many are called but few are chosen." Where do we stand?




Let us examine ourselves. Where do we stand? The Lord is saying: "Come, for all things are now ready." Are we listening? It is very important. It's a matter of life and death.

This text was converted to ascii format for Project Wittenberg by Cindy A. Beesley and is in the public domain. You may freely distribute, copy or print this text. Please direct any comments or suggestions to: Rev. Robert E. Smith of the Walther Library at Concordia Theological Seminary.

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