The Sermon Notes of Harold Buls

The Sermon Notes of Harold Buls

On the Gospel Lessons of the Ingrian Lutheran Church of Russia

Text from Luke 4:16-22

Advent 1

1. At this text begins Jesus' Great Galilean Ministry which lasted about two and one-half years (See Buls' lecture on "The Life of Christ", St. Petersburg, 1993). Jesus' earlier Judean Ministry is detailed mostly by John. Our text occurs where Jesus grew up, Nazareth.

2. Matthew 13:53-58 and Mark 6:1-6 are parallels to our text. Because of the differences in those texts from our text some scholars have thought that they denote a different occasion. In any case, our text tells about Jesus' first sermon in His home town.

3. Our text mentions a synagogue, a Greek word which means "gathering." Until the Babylonian Captivity (ca. 600 B.C.) there were no synagogues. The Jews worshipped at the Temple in Jerusalem. But when the Jews were taken to Babylon they had no Temple. They built places to worship, called "synagogues." After 70 years the Jews were returned to Jerusalem but continued to build synagogues. The OldTestament did not require to gather on the Sabbath Day. It was a day of rest. See Exodus 20:8-11. In the synagogues the Jews read the Old Testament on the Sabbath. It was Jesus' custom to worship in the synagogues. In our text Jesus was invited to preach. He picked His own text.

4. At Jesus' time there were no books, only scrolls which rolled up. "The book of Isaiah the Prophet" in our text means "the scroll of the Prophet Isaiah." Verse 17 says that Jesus unrolled the scroll. This is the only reference to Jesus' ability to read.

5. St. Luke recorded verses 18-19 according to the Septuagint (LXX), the Greek translation of the Old Testament. But Jesus very likely read the text in Hebrew (or Aramaic), not Greek.

6. There were three kinds of Law in the Old Testament, given by Moses. See Buls' lecture on Interpreting the Bible, Part E: The Principle of Law and Gospel. We summarize here:

7. Not only does Christ fulfill all Old Testament Law, above all, He fulfills all the Messianic Promises in the Old Testament. In our text He fulfills Isaiah 61:1-3. At Acts 10:43 Peter said: "To Him (Christ) all the prophets witness that, through His name, whoever believes in Him will receive the remission of sins." Jesus said (John 5:39): "Search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; and these are they which testify of Me." At Luke 24:27 we are told: "And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, He (Christ) expounded to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself."

8. Verse 18 of our text plainly mentions all three persons of the Trinity just as do John 14:16 and 15:26.

9. Today is the first day of the new church year. Wish the people a joyous and happy New Year in Jesus Christ. May the Lord bless the preaching of His Word to His glory and the extension of His Kingdom on earth.

The Sermon Notes of Harold Buls

Text from Luke 4:16-22

Advent 1

THEME: Christ's Great Announcement


Happy New Year! Today is the first day of the church year, Advent I. Our text tells us about the first sermon Jesus preached, so far as we know. He preached in His home town. Though they rejected Him (vs. 23-29) Jesus' announcement still stands forever.




Will it be a happy new year? Yes, if we have Jesus and His forgiveness. The Bible is full of suffering Christians who went to heaven because they believed the announcement of Jesus. Amen.

This text was converted to ascii format for Project Wittenberg by Mary Grady and is in the public domain. You may freely distribute, copy or print this text. Please direct any comments or suggestions to: Rev. Robert E. Smith of the Walther Library at Concordia Theological Seminary.

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